Oracle Database 12c Release 1 (12.1) Installation On Fedora 23 (F23)
Do not install Oracle on Fedora before reading this!
This website contains numerous articles on how to install Oracle products on a variety of versions of Linux, including the Fedora distribution. Before you embark on any Oracle installation on Fedora Linux you should really consider the following points.
Q: Is Fedora a supported distribution?
A: No! You should never consider installing Oracle products on Fedora for anything real!
Q: Why do you have articles on this site for installation of Oracle products on Fedora?
A: Fedora is the breeding ground for new versions of RHEL, so I continue to try out installations on Fedora for fun, to see what’s coming round the corner. It is in no way an indication that it is a sensible option.
Q: Does the Oracle database install and work on Fedora?
A: Yes, it installs and works, with a couple of minor caveats, but that doesn’t mean it is a sensible option for learning about Oracle on Linux.
Q: I use Fedora on my desktop/laptop. Should I install Oracle directly on the OS?
A: No. Fedora is my desktop OS too, but IMHO a better option is to install Oracle VirtualBox on your machine, define a virtual machine (VM) and install Oracle Linux on the VM. You can then install Oracle products on top of that OS.
Q: Why do you suggest using Oracle Linux on a VM?
A: Oracle products are supported on Oracle Linux, so the installations are typically really clean and similar to what you will see on real server installations. Why waste time on a non-supported distribution, when you can use a supported distribution that is free?
Q: I’ve been having some problems attempting to install Oracle products on Fedora. Can I contact you to help me get things running?
A: No. If you’ve read the preceding points you know the score. If you want to try it for fun, fine, but if you have any problems you are on your own. I typically do a couple of test installations of Oracle with each new version of Fedora, then ignore it in favor of Oracle Linux for my database and application server installations. Fedora is my main desktop OS, but it is irrelevant for Oracle installations.
Q: My boss/teacher/customer is insisting that I should install Oracle on Fedora. What should I say to them?
A: Your boss/teacher/customer is making a mistake, probably because they do not understand the implications of what they are asking you to do, or do not know about the free alternatives. You should probably get them to read this Oracle Linux FAQ. If they are still unsure, feel free to put them into contact with me and I will happily educate them.
This article describes the installation of Oracle Database 12c Release 1 (12.1) 64-bit on Fedora 23 (F23) 64-bit. The article is based on a server installation with a minimum of 2G swap and secure Linux set to permissive. An example of this type of Linux installation can be seen here.
Download the Oracle software from OTN or MOS depending on your support status.
- OTN: Oracle Database 12c Release 1 (184.108.40.206) Software (64-bit).
- edelivery: Oracle Database 12c Release 1 (220.127.116.11) Software (64-bit)
Unzip the files.
unzip linuxamd64_12102_database_1of2.zip unzip linuxamd64_12102_database_2of2.zip
You should now have a single directory called “database” containing installation files.
The “/etc/hosts” file must contain a fully qualified name for the server.
<IP-address> <fully-qualified-machine-name> <machine-name>
127.0.0.1 localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4 192.168.56.110 fedora23.localdomain fedora23
Set the correct hostname in the “/etc/hostname” file.
Set Kernel Parameters
Add or amend the following lines in the “/etc/sysctl.conf” file.
fs.file-max = 6815744 kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128 kernel.shmmni = 4096 kernel.shmall = 1073741824 kernel.shmmax = 4398046511104 net.core.rmem_default = 262144 net.core.rmem_max = 4194304 net.core.wmem_default = 262144 net.core.wmem_max = 1048576 fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576 net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500
Run the following command to change the current kernel parameters.
Add the following lines to the “/etc/security/limits.conf” file.
oracle soft nofile 1024 oracle hard nofile 65536 oracle soft nproc 2047 oracle hard nproc 16384 oracle soft stack 10240 oracle hard stack 32768
Stop and disable the firewall. You can configure it later if you wish.
# systemctl stop firewalld # systemctl disable firewalld
Set SELinux to permissive by editing the “/etc/selinux/config” file, making sure the SELINUX flag is set as follows.
The server will need a reboot for the change to take effect.
Before we consider the packages required by the Oracle installation, it’s probably worth making sure some basic package groups are installed.
dnf groupinstall "MATE Desktop" -y dnf groupinstall "Development Tools" -y dnf groupinstall "Administration Tools" -y dnf groupinstall "System Tools" -y
If you have installed the suggested package groups, the majority of the necessary packages will already be installed. The following packages are listed as required, including the 32-bit version of some of the packages. Many of the packages should be installed already.
dnf install binutils -y dnf install compat-libstdc++-33 -y dnf install compat-libstdc++-33.i686 -y dnf install gcc -y dnf install gcc-c++ -y dnf install glibc -y dnf install glibc.i686 -y dnf install glibc-devel -y dnf install glibc-devel.i686 -y dnf install ksh -y dnf install libgcc -y dnf install libgcc.i686 -y dnf install libstdc++ -y dnf install libstdc++.i686 -y dnf install libstdc++-devel -y dnf install libstdc++-devel.i686 -y dnf install libaio -y dnf install libaio.i686 -y dnf install libaio-devel -y dnf install libaio-devel.i686 -y dnf install libXext -y dnf install libXext.i686 -y dnf install libXtst -y dnf install libXtst.i686 -y dnf install libX11 -y dnf install libX11.i686 -y dnf install libXau -y dnf install libXau.i686 -y dnf install libxcb -y dnf install libxcb.i686 -y dnf install libXi -y dnf install libXi.i686 -y dnf install make -y dnf install sysstat -y dnf install unixODBC -y dnf install unixODBC-devel -y dnf install zlib-devel -y
Create the new groups and users.
groupadd -g 54321 oinstall groupadd -g 54322 dba groupadd -g 54323 oper #groupadd -g 54324 backupdba #groupadd -g 54325 dgdba #groupadd -g 54326 kmdba #groupadd -g 54327 asmdba #groupadd -g 54328 asmoper #groupadd -g 54329 asmadmin useradd -u 54321 -g oinstall -G dba,oper oracle passwd oracle
We are not going to use the extra groups, but include them if you do plan on using them.
Create the directories in which the Oracle software will be installed.
mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/product/18.104.22.168/db_1 chown -R oracle:oinstall /u01 chmod -R 775 /u01
Putting mount points directly under root is typically a bad idea. It’s done here for simplicity, but for a real installation “/” should be reserved for the OS.
If you are using X Emulation, login as root and issue the following command.
Edit the “/etc/redhat-release” file replacing the current release information “Fedora release 23 (Twenty Three)” with the following.
redhat release 6
Login as the oracle user and add the following lines at the end of the “/home/oracle/.bash_profile” file.
# Oracle Settings export TMP=/tmp export TMPDIR=$TMP export ORACLE_HOSTNAME=fedora23.localdomain export ORACLE_UNQNAME=cdb1 export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle export ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/product/22.214.171.124/db_1 export ORACLE_SID=cdb1 export PATH=/usr/sbin:$PATH export PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib export CLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/jlib:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib if [ $USER = "oracle" ]; then if [ $SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then ulimit -p 16384 ulimit -n 65536 else ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536 fi fi
Log into the oracle user. If you are using X emulation then set the DISPLAY environmental variable.
DISPLAY=<machine-name>:0.0; export DISPLAY
Start the Oracle Universal Installer (OUI) by issuing the following command in the database directory.
Proceed with the installation of your choice. Ignore any warnings about the system configuration.
You can see the type of installation I performed by clicking on the links below to see screen shots of each stage.
- Configure Security Updates
- My Oracle Support Credentials
- Select Installation Type
- System Class
- Grid Installation Options
- Select Install Type
- Typical Install Configuration
- Create Inventory
- Perform Prerequisite Checks
- Install Product
- Execute Configuration Scripts
- Oracle Database Configuration
- Database Configuration Assistant
- Database Configuration Assistant Complete
- Database Express 12c Login
- Database Express 12c Dashboard
The “Database Configuration Assistant Complete” screen displays the Database Express 12c URL, which will be something like “https://fedora23.localdomain:5500/em”.
Edit the “/etc/redhat-release” file restoring the original release information.
Fedora release 23 (Twenty Three)
Edit the “/etc/oratab” file setting the restart flag for each instance to ‘Y’.
Oracle 12c (126.96.36.199) installs cleanly. If you attempt the installation using 188.8.131.52 there will be some problems. The notes here explain how to complete a 184.108.40.206 installation.
- When clicking “Next” on the “Download Software Updates” screen you will get the following message. Click the “Yes” button.
"[INS-13001] Environment does not meet minimum requirements. Are you sure you want to continue?
- During the linking phase, you will see the following error.
Error in invoking target 'links proc gen_pcscfg procob' of makefile '/u01/app/oracle/product/220.127.116.11/db_1/precomp/lib/ins_precomp.mk'. See '/u01/app/oraInventory/logs/installActions2014-04-26_08-07-04PM.log' for details.
To fix it, do the following:
rm -rf $ORACLE_HOME/lib/stubs/* cp $ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/lib/env_rdbms.mk $ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/lib/env_rdbms.mk.orig
Perform the following modifications to the “$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/lib/env_rdbms.mk” file.
# Line 176 # FROM: LINKTTLIBS=$(LLIBCLNTSH) $(ORACLETTLIBS) $(LINKLDLIBS) # TO : LINKTTLIBS=$(LLIBCLNTSH) $(ORACLETTLIBS) $(LINKLDLIBS) -lons # Line 279-280 # FROM: LINK=$(FORT_CMD) $(PURECMDS) $(ORALD) $(LDFLAGS) $(COMPSOBJS) LINK32=$(FORT_CMD) $(PURECMDS) $(ORALD) $(LDFLAGS32) $(COMPSOBJS) # TO : LINK=$(FORT_CMD) $(PURECMDS) $(ORALD) $(LDFLAGS) $(COMPSOBJS) -Wl,--no-as-needed LINK32=$(FORT_CMD) $(PURECMDS) $(ORALD) $(LDFLAGS32) $(COMPSOBJS) -Wl,--no-as-needed # Line 3041-3042 # FROM: TG4PWD_LINKLINE= $(LINK) $(OPT) $(TG4PWDMAI) \ $(LLIBTHREAD) $(LLIBCLNTSH) $(LINKLDLIBS) # TO : TG4PWD_LINKLINE= $(LINK) $(OPT) $(TG4PWDMAI) \ $(LLIBTHREAD) $(LLIBCLNTSH) $(LINKLDLIBS) -lnnz12
Click the “Retry” button.
- Later, you might see the following error.
Error in invoking target 'install' of makefile '/u01/app/oracle/product/18.104.22.168/db_1/ctx/lib/ins_ctx.mk'. See '/u01/app/oraInventory/logs/installActions2014-04-26_08-07-04PM.log' for details.
To fix it, do the following:
rm -rf $ORACLE_HOME/lib/stubs/* cp $ORACLE_HOME/ctx/lib/env_ctx.mk $ORACLE_HOME/ctx/lib/env_ctx.mk.orig
Perform the following modifications to the “$ORACLE_HOME/ctx/lib/env_ctx.mk” file.
# Line 154 # FROM: LINK=$(LDCCOM) # TO : LINK=$(LDCCOM) --Wl,--no-as-needed
Click the “Retry” button.
Due to the issues during the linking phase, it probably makes sense to do a relink, just to make sure.
dbshut $ORACLE_HOME cd $ORACLE_HOME/bin ./relink all # Following line should return no errors. grep -i err $ORACLE_HOME/install/relink.log dbstart $ORACLE_HOME