Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2) Installation On Fedora 23 (F23)
Do not install Oracle on Fedora before reading this!
This website contains numerous articles on how to install Oracle products on a variety of versions of Linux, including the Fedora distribution. Before you embark on any Oracle installation on Fedora Linux you should really consider the following points.
Q: Is Fedora a supported distribution?
A: No! You should never consider installing Oracle products on Fedora for anything real!
Q: Why do you have articles on this site for installation of Oracle products on Fedora?
A: Fedora is the breeding ground for new versions of RHEL, so I continue to try out installations on Fedora for fun, to see what’s coming round the corner. It is in no way an indication that it is a sensible option.
Q: Does the Oracle database install and work on Fedora?
A: Yes, it installs and works, with a couple of minor caveats, but that doesn’t mean it is a sensible option for learning about Oracle on Linux.
Q: I use Fedora on my desktop/laptop. Should I install Oracle directly on the OS?
A: No. Fedora is my desktop OS too, but IMHO a better option is to install Oracle VirtualBox on your machine, define a virtual machine (VM) and install Oracle Linux on the VM. You can then install Oracle products on top of that OS.
Q: Why do you suggest using Oracle Linux on a VM?
A: Oracle products are supported on Oracle Linux, so the installations are typically really clean and similar to what you will see on real server installations. Why waste time on a non-supported distribution, when you can use a supported distribution that is free?
Q: I’ve been having some problems attempting to install Oracle products on Fedora. Can I contact you to help me get things running?
A: No. If you’ve read the preceding points you know the score. If you want to try it for fun, fine, but if you have any problems you are on your own. I typically do a couple of test installations of Oracle with each new version of Fedora, then ignore it in favor of Oracle Linux for my database and application server installations. Fedora is my main desktop OS, but it is irrelevant for Oracle installations.
Q: My boss/teacher/customer is insisting that I should install Oracle on Fedora. What should I say to them?
A: Your boss/teacher/customer is making a mistake, probably because they do not understand the implications of what they are asking you to do, or do not know about the free alternatives. You should probably get them to read this Oracle Linux FAQ. If they are still unsure, feel free to put them into contact with me and I will happily educate them.
This article describes the installation of Oracle Database 12c Release 1 (12.1) 64-bit on Fedora 23 (F23) 64-bit. The article is based on a server installation with a minimum of 2G swap and secure Linux set to permissive. An example of this type of Linux installation can be seen here.
Download the Oracle software using one of the two link below. If you have access to My Oracle Support (MOS), then it is better to download the 184.108.40.206 version.
- Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (220.127.116.11) Software (MOS)
- Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (18.104.22.168) Software (OTN)
Unzip the files.
unzip linux.x64_11gR2_database_1of2.zip unzip linux.x64_11gR2_database_2of2.zip
You should now have a single directory called “database” containing installation files.
The “/etc/hosts” file must contain a fully qualified name for the server.
<IP-address> <fully-qualified-machine-name> <machine-name>
127.0.0.1 localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4 192.168.56.110 fedora23.localdomain fedora23
Set the correct hostname in the “/etc/hostname” file.
Set Kernel Parameters
Add or amend the following lines in the “/etc/sysctl.conf” file.
fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576 fs.file-max = 6815744 kernel.shmall = 2097152 kernel.shmmax = 536870912 kernel.shmmni = 4096 # semaphores: semmsl, semmns, semopm, semmni kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128 net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500 net.core.rmem_default=262144 net.core.rmem_max=4194304 net.core.wmem_default=262144 net.core.wmem_max=1048586
Run the following command to change the current kernel parameters.
Add the following lines to the “/etc/security/limits.conf” file.
oracle soft nproc 2047 oracle hard nproc 16384 oracle soft nofile 4096 oracle hard nofile 65536 oracle soft stack 10240
Add the following line to the “/etc/pam.d/login” file, if it does not already exist.
session required pam_limits.so
Stop and disable the firewall. You can configure it later if you wish.
# systemctl stop firewalld # systemctl disable firewalld
Set SELinux to permissive by editing the “/etc/selinux/config” file, making sure the SELINUX flag is set as follows.
The server will need a reboot for the change to take effect.
Before we consider the packages required by the Oracle installation, it’s probably worth making sure some basic package groups are installed.
dnf groupinstall "MATE Desktop" -y dnf groupinstall "Development Tools" -y dnf groupinstall "Administration Tools" -y dnf groupinstall "System Tools" -y
If you have installed the suggested package groups, the majority of the necessary packages will already be installed. The following packages are listed as required, including the 32-bit version of some of the packages. Many of the packages should be installed already.
dnf install binutils -y dnf install compat-libstdc++-33 -y dnf install compat-libstdc++-33.i686 -y dnf install elfutils-libelf -y dnf install elfutils-libelf-devel -y dnf install gcc -y dnf install gcc-c++ -y dnf install glibc -y dnf install glibc.i686 -y dnf install glibc-common -y dnf install glibc-devel -y dnf install glibc-headers -y dnf install glibc-devel.i686 -y dnf install ksh -y dnf install libaio -y dnf install libaio.i686 -y dnf install libaio-devel -y dnf install libaio-devel.i686 -y dnf install libgcc -y dnf install libgcc.i686 -y dnf install libstdc++ -y dnf install libstdc++.i686 -y dnf install libstdc++-devel -y dnf install make -y dnf install numactl -y dnf install numactl-devel -y dnf install sysstat -y dnf install unixODBC -y dnf install unixODBC.i686 -y dnf install unixODBC-devel -y dnf install unixODBC-devel.i686 -y dnf install elfutils-libelf-devel -y
Create the new groups and users.
groupadd oinstall groupadd dba groupadd oper groupadd asmadmin useradd -g oinstall -G dba,oper,asmadmin oracle passwd oracle
We are not going to use the “asmadmin” group, since this installation will not use ASM.
Create the directories in which the Oracle software will be installed.
mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/product/22.214.171.124/db_1 chown -R oracle:oinstall /u01 chmod -R 775 /u01
If you are using X Emulation, login as root and issue the following command.
Edit the “/etc/redhat-release” file replacing the current release information “Fedora release 23 (Twenty Three)” with the following.
redhat release 6
Login as the oracle user and add the following lines at the end of the “/home/oracle/.bash_profile” file.
# Oracle Settings TMP=/tmp; export TMP TMPDIR=$TMP; export TMPDIR ORACLE_HOSTNAME=fedora23.localdomain; export ORACLE_HOSTNAME ORACLE_UNQNAME=DB11G; export ORACLE_UNQNAME ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle; export ORACLE_BASE ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/product/126.96.36.199/db_1; export ORACLE_HOME ORACLE_SID=DB11G; export ORACLE_SID ORACLE_TERM=xterm; export ORACLE_TERM PATH=/usr/sbin:$PATH; export PATH PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH; export PATH LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib; export LD_LIBRARY_PATH CLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/JRE:$ORACLE_HOME/jlib:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib; export CLASSPATH if [ $USER = "oracle" ]; then if [ $SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then ulimit -p 16384 ulimit -n 65536 else ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536 fi fi
Log into the oracle user. If you are using X emulation then set the DISPLAY environmental variable.
DISPLAY=<machine-name>:0.0; export DISPLAY
Start the Oracle Universal Installer (OUI) by issuing the following command in the database directory.
Proceed with the installation of your choice. You can see type of installation I performed by clicking on the links below to see screen shots of each stage. When installing 188.8.131.52, the prerequisites checks will list a number of packages as missing, but these can be ignored as we have installed newer versions. For 184.108.40.206 onward, only the “pdksh” package will be listed as missing, which can be ignored because we installed the “ksh” package instead.
- Configure Security Updates
- Select Install Option
- System Class
- Node Selection
- Select Install Type
- Typical Install Configuration
- Create Inventory
- Perform Prerequisite Checks
- Install Product
- Database Configuration Assistant
- Database Configuration Assistant 2
- Execute Configuration Scripts
During the link phase you will encounter an error invoking the “ins_emagent.mk” file. To fix this, edit the “$ORACLE_HOME/sysman/lib/ins_emagent.mk”, doing a search and replace for the line shown below.
FROM: $(MK_EMAGENT_NMECTL) TO : $(MK_EMAGENT_NMECTL) -lnnz11
Click the “Retry” button.
Edit the “/etc/redhat-release” file restoring the original release information.
Fedora release 23 (Twenty Three)
Edit the “/etc/oratab” file setting the restart flag for each instance to ‘Y’.